© Professor Sarah Bate, Bournemouth University, UK.
|Reliance on significant others to cue the identity of others:
||Requires preparation and effort; need to be discrete; significant others have to be present; may not be possible to direct conversation.|
||Requires regular contact and some degree of familiarity with each person. Some people also struggle with visual imagery.|
|Use distinguishing facial cues to identity:
||Requires regular contact to maintain associations. Can be mentally exhaustive and effortful. Requires extensive study of people's faces which can be deemed socially inappropriate.|
|Identify others through conversation:
||Can be mentally exhaustive and conversations may not reveal identity. Using introductions can be perceived as odd, formal or old-fashioned, or simply inappropriate in some contexts. May be viewed as unwilling to engage in some/all aspects of conversation.|
|Extra-facial cues to identity:
||Can be unreliable when suddenly changed or met out of context; some information may not always be present. Multiple strategies may need to be combined – mentally exhaustive. Environments that require uniform may prohibit some strategies.|
||Can be unreliable in different contexts. Effortful. Name tags are often inappropriate, and when they are used can be difficult to read. Person may have changed some aspects of appearance from original photograph.|
||May be inappropriate or untenable at work, could bring about adverse psychosocial consequences. Excuses may still be interpreted as "rudeness" or shift focus to other "detrimental" traits (e.g. absent-mindedness).|
Source: Adams, A., Hills, P., Bennetts, R., & Bate, S. (in press). Coping strategies for developmental prosopagnosia. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation.